The Science Room (also called the Science Lab by Rimmer in "Bodyswap" and the Scanning Room by the Cat in "D.N.A.") was a central chamber aboard Red Dwarf from which the ship could be controlled from, much like the Drive Room used in Series I and II.
From Series XI, the gang use a newer Science Room towards the front of the ship.
Series III - Series V
The Science Room was similar in some respects to the earlier, mostly grey Drive Room, although it was less cramped, brighter and more colorful, mostly colored in cream. Unlike the Drive Room, the Science Room did not contain a vending machine.
Unlike the Drive Room, which had consoles and server towers and wiring everywhere, the Science Room appeared more ordered, with all the consoles were placed around the central plinth or column in the room. Holly could appear on the main monitor of the central column. The monitors and consoles seem to be more technologically advanced than those in the Drive Room.
Around the outsides of the room were placed dozens of scientific instruments (most of them never actually used) and chemicals in jars.
Whereas the Drive Room contained the navicomp, the Science Room contained things such as the ship's internal scanners (RD: Bodyswap), external scanners (RD: White Hole) and scientific devices such as the Mind Patch (RD: Holoship) and the Triplicator (RD: Demons & Angels).
To be completed
The original Science Room would not be seen again after Series V. In later series, when they've finally got Red Dwarf back after losing it for a few series, the Boys from the Dwarf go back to using various other Drive Rooms.
Series XI - XII
In Series XI and XII, the crew begin to use a second Science Room, instead of the Drive Room that was used in Series X. This new science room was located on G Deck, 229 floors below A Deck/B Deck, where the crew's new sleeping quarters was located. The Dwarfers used the elevators to travel between the sleeping quarters and G Deck. ("Skipper")
The second Science Room is blue-tinged and high-tech, with banks of glowing monitors. Although referred to as a Science Room, it is multi-purpose, and can serve as a Drive Room, Science Room and Medi-Bay - for medical purposes and surgery - all in one. ("Give & Take", "Can of Worms")
Behind the scenes
- The blue-tinged second Science Room features as a theme on one side of the reversible Series XII cover artwork.
- The large, brightly-lit cylinder in the Science Room (presumably some form of medical scanner) was actually constructed from a metal airplane engine housing.
- It is unclear why the crew stopped using the Drive Room they used in Series X and began using this Science Room. It is possible that the Drive Room used in Series X was contained in one of the regions of the ship that was destroyed by the photon mutilator attack by the Simulant Generals in the last episode of Series X. Alternatively, it may have simply been a practical decision since the Science Room was larger and had more utilities, and they were always using different rooms through the ship.
- This second Science Room was presumably created when the nanobots previously upgraded the ship; or it may have been upgraded by Kryten and the skutters later using tech scavenged from Space Corps derelict ships.